Unix and SSH Commands From Scratch

Tuesday, April 19th, 2011

In my last post I discussed node.js. This can be installed on a server. Originally I wanted to talk through how I installed Node.js and what plugins I have come to use. I took a look around and found a few ppl struggling with ssh. I figured best to cover some of the basics of server based commands first. I expect any one reading this have some Technical/Programming experience.

I am going to assume you have a sever and are working from a Unix based machine(Linux or OSX).

Accessing your server:

usr: would be your user name to the server for the sake if this example lets say your user name is peter

host: is your server url/ip lets say for this example its Watson.com

so in your command window type in your server details press enter:

Enter you password and you should be in.

Basic Commands:

Here is a list of basic commands to help you move around the folders and manipulate the files.

Type that and it will list all the files and folders

That will show all the hidden files too.

Primary navigation command.

goes up a folder.

navigates to the folder with the name folderName

Takes you to your home directory.

creates a directory

copies file.txt to someFolder and renames the file.

moves file.txt to someFolder and renames the file.

deletes txtFile.txt

touch creates the file with no content

Displays resources and process


wget downloads a file at a location the above line downloads googles index.html page

git clone will clone a git repository to your current location

svn checkout checks out a svn repo

You will edit a lot of text files on server a far bit. So I will list 3 Degrees of editors.


this one is easy all shortcuts (^ is ctrl) are listed at the bottom but not as powerful as the other two.


this is obviously more powerful than pico but to achieve that it uses states when u start you can’t type you need to enable typing. This is just a taster of how to use it. There are entire pages on the web that list all the shortcuts.

press i when u are not in edit mode and it will insert the cursor to allow you to type

press ESC then :wq
esc enters command mode w stands for write and q stands for quite so save and exit

press ESC then :q!
quit with out saving


best text editor i could write a whole post on it. If you wana use google it.

Compiling Code
In Unix you can tailer a build for your system. so its compiled for you and you alone 🙂 Lets say you downloaded a project from the internet using git or svn.

Complete in order below

to the location of the files

set settings in the build for your machine its automated it just does it

compiles your code

tests the compile

installs your compiled code

Removes all the compiled files and cleans up for you

Comming soon 🙂 sudo pico /etc/motd

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