One of the things that I struggled with going from eclipse and Visual Studio to xCode was the the debugger. Most of the objects have memory references rather than values. For a long time while developing iOS apps all i would get, or though I had was one cryptic error message. Till I discovered po which stands for print object. This allowed me to print out the contents of an object which can be very useful.
Here is list of gdb commands: (Warning properties are not identified by the debugger so dont use anything with dot notation)
po – print object – can be used to print out the likes of NSStrings and NSDictionaries
use: po someObject
print – prints base types – used to print out to the screen ints floats and the like
use: print myFloat
set – set a variable - allows you to set variables
use: set someString=@”test”
call – calls a method – can be used to call methods or the properties getters and setters
use: – call [someObjectInstance withString:@"newString"];
n – Next – always you to travers your code during breck
There are 2 main places you can use the commands.
The first is the consol output during a break or crash just after the gdb:
The second is in a break point first set a break point then click the “Click to add action text” ass seen bellow.
Now you can add you command in the newly available text field that will always be triggered at that point in the code.
Carful with the break point triggers not to confuse your self if you put sets or calls in there.
Every time I start a new xCode project i do it a little differently. I include files in some and settings in others. I have decided to put them all here to make sure i don’t miss any. If you have any other project settings, scripts, snippets or useful utils please drop a comment.
1. Enabling and dealing with Zombies:
This allows you to find errors that come from delloced objects being called upon. That normally just gives you the useless error bad access. with this enabled it should take to a class or function when you see the bad access error. This can be dealt with in 2 ways either enabling zombies in the editor thus allowing you to debug it in xCode or using instruments. If the first method does not work for you try the second.
Method 1 xCode Debug:
get to the run settings by press: cmd+alt+r
from the left nave select “RUN yourApp.app”
select “Arguments” from the right tab system
expand if not already expanded the environment variables
add NSZombieEnabled the name parameter and YES to the value parameter
Method 2 instruments Debug:
Rather than take you through it Mark Johnson has created a good video that talks you through it.
PSLog is a NSLog replacment. I have seen it arround for a while now. Basicly it gives you a bit more info like where log is called from. The only problem with it, is the dependancy it creates on having to keep importing PSLog in every one of your projects.
I modified it so you can use NSLog in your code and at compile time in debug mode it replaces your NSLogs with PSLogs. During deploy it replaces NSLog with comments. This way it removes any depandacies on the PSLog function.
How ever this only applies to the PSLog function it self none of its expanded counter parts like PSLogDebug. Using PSLogDebug will maintain a dependancy.
Check it out:
If you #import “PSLog.h” in the .pch file in the support group in your project you wont have import it in every file you want to use it. which Helps the whole dependancy issue.
TODO, FIXME converted to warnings
I duno if you noticed but if you add a //TODO: or //FIXME: comments it appears in the function menu. The problem with that though is you need to be in the class to see the list. Ideally what I wanted was a list of todos that I can see them all in one place. You can do that by adding a bash script that adds them as warnings.
Again I am assuming some Technical/Programming experience. No Unix experience except for my previous post. I am going to cover some default files. As well as how to make you own bash file. I am going to try and explain this through a tutorial on how to add a welcome message to your login.
The first thing you need to do is decide on a message. You could just have a one line message like “Ola welcome to the server” which would be fine.
On the other hand if you really wana go at it. You could get some ascii art or text. Personally I am far from an ascii artist but I have ascii every where. There are a few websites that have ascii fonts. All you have to do is type in what you want and it will write it in ascii for you. http://www.network-science.de/ascii/ was the last site I tried. There are loads out there.
If you have administrative rights on your box creating your welcome msg is easy. If you dont have admin rights thats fine, you can use Option 2 which is also easy.
If you are unsure if you have admin access try and open an editor with admin access if it lets you in, BINGO your admin. Type in sudo pico enter your password when prompted if it lets into the pico editor then you have admin.
Option 1(if you are admin)
There is a file named motd. It is just a text file without the txt file extension. Anything saved in the file will be displayed when you log in.
Step 1 Navigate to your root of your system
Step 2 Navigate to the etc folder
Step 3 Edit the motd file with admin access
sudo pico motd
Step 4 Type or copy/past your welcome msg in to your editor
Step 5 Save and exit
Now if you log off the server and log in again you should see your msg.
Option 2(if you are on a shared host or if you dont have admin)
So you dont have admin access and you want to trigger something at login. Well what you do is save the msg in a text file then prompt it to be displayed. There is file that runs every time you log in named .bash_profile. What we will do is create a bash file that when run will display the text from the file. Now this is a bit of a round about way of doing it but it helps cover both bash files and the .bash_profile.
Anything you want to run at login can be added to the .bash_profile file.
A bash file is a Unix file that runs a group of commands. It has a language behind it that contains most of what you would expect if statements, loops, etc. Bash stands for Bourne Again Shell. you can use it to make your server practically do anything.
Step 1 Navigate to your home directory. This is the directory u start in when u log in.
Step 2 Create a new text file called login.txt
Step 3 Assuming you have your msg ready or your ascii if not go get it se the links above.
Step 4 Open the the login.txt file in an editor
Step 5 Past your msg save and exit pico
Step 6 Find the location of you bash
Step 7 Copy the return value it is more than likely this: /bin/bash but not necessarily
Step 8 Create a new file in you home directory again which is the bash script
Step 9 Edit the bash script in pico
Step 10 Type in #! then the bash location that you copied in Step 7
Step 11 Type the command that will display the text
Step 12 Save and Exit
Step 13 While still in the root set the permisions for bash file
Step 14 In your home directory edit your .bash_profile so it runs the login bash at login time
Step 15 Add to the bottom of the file the command that runs your bash
Step 16 Save and Exit
Thats all there is. Next time you login you should see your msg. This covers of the basics if you want to know how to write complex scripts there are loads of guides and tutorials to help you on your way out on the interwebs,
In my last post I discussed node.js. This can be installed on a server. Originally I wanted to talk through how I installed Node.js and what plugins I have come to use. I took a look around and found a few ppl struggling with ssh. I figured best to cover some of the basics of server based commands first. I expect any one reading this have some Technical/Programming experience.
I am going to assume you have a sever and are working from a Unix based machine(Linux or OSX).
Accessing your server:
usr: would be your user name to the server for the sake if this example lets say your user name is peter
host: is your server url/ip lets say for this example its Watson.com
so in your command window type in your server details press enter:
#these are fake details use your user name and server in their place
Enter you password and you should be in.
Here is a list of basic commands to help you move around the folders and manipulate the files.
#this is how you comment if you where to write a script file
Type that and it will list all the files and folders
That will show all the hidden files too.
Primary navigation command.
goes up a folder.
navigates to the folder with the name folderName
Takes you to your home directory.
creates a directory
copies file.txt to someFolder and renames the file.
moves file.txt to someFolder and renames the file.
touch creates the file with no content
Displays resources and process
wget downloads a file at a location the above line downloads googles index.html page
git clone will clone a git repository to your current location
Editors You will edit a lot of text files on server a far bit. So I will list 3 Degrees of editors.
this one is easy all shortcuts (^ is ctrl) are listed at the bottom but not as powerful as the other two.
this is obviously more powerful than pico but to achieve that it uses states when u start you can’t type you need to enable typing. This is just a taster of how to use it. There are entire pages on the web that list all the shortcuts.
press i when u are not in edit mode and it will insert the cursor to allow you to type
press ESC then :wq
esc enters command mode w stands for write and q stands for quite so save and exit
press ESC then :q!
quit with out saving
best text editor i could write a whole post on it. If you wana use google it.
Compiling Code In Unix you can tailer a build for your system. so its compiled for you and you alone Lets say you downloaded a project from the internet using git or svn.
Complete in order below
to the location of the files
set settings in the build for your machine its automated it just does it
compiles your code
tests the compile
installs your compiled code
Removes all the compiled files and cleans up for you
Over the years I have dipped in and out of a few different server side languages. PHP, Ruby, ColdFusion and Java to mention some. I guess the root of my issues with them is how infrequently I need to use them. It does not help that none of them share any development paradigms outside OO.
Some one mentioned Node.js to me when I discussed some ideas I was toying with. I immediately blanked them on the grounds that JS is client side and I specifically had a server side problem to resolve. I brushed the dust of my PHP book and got to work.
As what always happens to me when I am building things in PHP I ran into problems. As always I vent at a few friends to blow of some steam. As I did this people I knew kept on mentioning Node.js.
After watching the video on the node.js website see link above I was flabbergasted at how easy it was. I figured I could build my solusion in no more than one day. I installed it on my server. Which took all of 10 min. no really thats how long it took me to download the files compile the latest build and install it. It was disgracefully fast.
So I got to work. One and a half hours later I was was looking at my editor thinking surely i cant be done there must be now way its that easy to set up two TCP servers and an http server. Yet it was done plain as day all running and working.
If you are going to give it a try i recommend npm which is the plugin manger for Node.js and using it to install forever which helps you manege which servers you want to keep up. all links are at the top of the post. Obviously i would recommend it. I have even heard it runs on some shared hosts admittedly a little cut down but more than enough to inspire.
Little did I know there was some version issues between the exporter and the engine. Zwoptex exports a png and a plist that contains all the meta-data for the sprite sheet. If you are getting the bellow mentioned error you might be reading online various suggestions like installing older versions of zwoptex or a new versions of the engine.
As it turns out all you have to do is un-check rotate from inside zwoptex publish the files. Edit the plist generated by zowptex and change the root>>metadata>>format number from 2 to 1 save clean your build recompile and your done.
ocos2d: WARNING: format is not supported for CCSpriteFrameCache addSpriteFramesWithDictionary:texture:
Terminating app due to uncaught exception ‘NSInternalInconsistencyException’, reason: ‘cocos2d: WARNING: format is not supported for CCSpriteFrameCache addSpriteFramesWithDictionary:texture:’
One of the issues I had with using the Mail.app on OSX is its lack of security.
If some one is logged in as you they then get access to everything else on you machine like say your mail client.
Now I really like the Mail client. I have no intention of switching clients. So a solution was required.
After a little digging i found there was no mods for Mail. No hacks or any other means in which to password protect the client and the mail. Eventual I realised I was doing it all wrong its not the emails and the client that can be protected but where they are being stored is what can be protected.
I finally realised if I created a encrypted dmg and ran everything from there it would yield the same results.
Get both the Mail.app and my email onto a password protected drive.
Open Disk Utility to create the encrypted DMG /Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility.app
Click “New Image” on the top
Select a Name and a save as location
Further down under size select the size I made mine 10GB this depends on how much mail you expect to store locally
Below that make sure select the Encryption
Hit create set the password and now you should have a mounted encrypted drive
Move your Mail app from /Applications/ to the root of your mounted encrypted drive cut it don’t copy it
Then make make an alias of the Mail app in the in the /Applications/ folder(ctrl dragging the icon)
Now you need to cut and past your emails to the encrypted drive find the folder /Users/YOUR_USERNAME/Library/Mail and past it in the encrypted drive
Now make an alias of the mail folder from you encrypted drive back to the /Users/abraham.azam/Library/ (ctrl dragging the folder)
If you click the mail icon on the Dock it should now access your mail client and your amils from a scure and ecrypted location. if you unmount the drive and click the icon it will promt you for the password to the dmg then opens the mail app.
Win7 Mobile is not built on previous windows mobile platform but a clean concept. The development tools are new to mobile too. It utilises Silverlight and XNA for application and games development. So it will start with a pretty big developer base.
I was hoping to get a peak at the new Windows Mobile OS from the emulator but all I found was the browser. The UI and other things are there. The ability to compile and tests apps so early is also very nice put none of the rumoured integration with core apps features seem to be available yet. You do on the other hand get to see what the feel of there user journey is like and how the menus and navs will work.
All and all worth a look.
Here is some new Blend 4 + Windows 7 Mobile plugin in for Blend
Well here it is Googles latest attempt to break into the Social market. Possibly one of the few pieces of the internet Google has not had a successful run at. Google Buzz is completely integrated into you Gmail and accessible via your phone assuming you have an Android 2.0 or iPhone. Other phones promised see the support page here.
What sets it apart from facebook and twitter? Well it supports in-line content like video and images unlike twitter which relays on third parties. Facebook is User/social group centric where Buzz is location centric. Now you can Buzz into the Buzz sphere or keep it private, to you close friends so its smiler to Twitter from that respect.
The first thing that gets me is the fact that I can press the nearby button or enable it on Google maps and just see where the buzz is. I can see the security issues with it though. By the end of the day every site with a security team will have at least one article that outlines the security risks of sharing your Geo-coordinates. The most practical thing about it though is that it propagates your public feeds from your current social network sites.
At the end of the day it don’t matter what they say what matters is user base. With access to your entire email contacts list any one to give it a try will instantly know who else is giving it a try. So what will the word of the people be? Buzz or not to Buzz?
With the launch of the iPad not far off. Amazon seems to be stirring. Amazon is said to have purchased Touchco. This is the multi touch company whose tech is based of NYUs Department of Computer Science and Technology UnMousepad worked on by Ken Perlin. Does the name ring a bell? You know, the guy that came up with Perlin noise. He has a interesting blog on all sorts of stuff.
Merge Touchco with the latest KDK Beta(Kindle Development Kit) and you might get a decent platform. Looks like Amazon will be aiming at similar market as the iPad. Now the iPad obviously already has a massive back log of apps from the iPhone. The eBook deals and eBook cost seem to be weighted on Amazons side.